What it the name of a jewish comunial farm settlement in israel?

Kibbutz is a Jewish communal farming settlement in Palestine (later Israel).

A kibbutz is a type of settlement which is unique to Israel. A collective community, traditionally based on agriculture, the first kibbutz was called Deganya and was founded by pioneers in 1910. Today, there are over 270 kibbutzim in Israel and they have diversified greatly since their agricultural beginnings with many now privatized.

The word kibbutz means ‘gathering’, however the first kibbutzim were called kvutzat which means ‘group’. The first kibbutz was Kibbutz Degania which is located just south of the Sea of Galilee. It was formed by a group of young Jews who had previously worked draining nearby swamp-land for the purpose of agriculture and human inhabitable who now wanted to build a community for themselves.

The land was purchased by the Jewish National Fund, and following harsh labor to make the land fertile, the pioneers created a community founded upon agriculture. Following the establishment of Degania, a number of other kibbutzim were founded in Israel, many nearby around the Sea of Galilee and in the Jezreel Valley.

During the pre-State years, and subsequently after the declaration of Independence, many more kibbutzim were established, across Israel by pioneering groups.

Learn more about the history of kibbutz at Jewishvirtuallibrary.org.

Tag: israel 
Thursday, September 21 2017
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