What role did riga axioms play in the start of the cold war?

The Riga axioms became the basis of the Cold War and of US foreign policy.

Riga axioms is the name given to the views and policies of the US diplomatic experts based in the Latvian capital, Riga, who worked for the DRA during the 1920s to discover Soviet foreign policy objectives.

Historians disagree on the date when the Cold War began, but they agree generally that the issue which gave it life and sustained it was Eastern Europe.

Still, for Daniel Yergin, the open rift which occurred in 1945 rested, in large measure, on a body of theory about the U.S.S.R. which had dominated the thought of Soviet experts in the American government for a full generation.

Yergin defines this official anti-Soviet dogma as the Riga axioms, named after the Baltic port of Latvia, where United States diplomats gathered information on Bolshevik Russia during the years of non-recognition (1920-1933).

The Riga alumni, who included George F. Kennan, Charles E. Bohlen, Elbridge Durbrow, and Loy W. Henderson, shared the conviction that Soviet foreign policy flowed directly from Marxist-Leninist ideology, that the horrors of Stalinist rule within Russia would produce external policies equally totalitarian in purpose.

The USSR, in short, was a revolutionary state, committed to unrelenting ideological warfare in its drive for world mastery. With such a country, the Riga alumni agreed, the West could never coexist with any success.

What broke this group’s influence, at least momentarily, was the Nazi invasion of Russia in June 1941, for this prompted President Franklin D. Roosevelt, much to the dismay of some Soviet experts, to support the Russian military cause.

For further reading, see Vqronline.org's The Cold War Revisited

Tag: cold war 
Tuesday, October 03 2017
Source: http://www.vqronline.org/cold-war-revisited